What is Shifting Cultivation/ Land Rotation/ Jhumminh?

Shifting Cultivation/ Land Rotation/Jhumming :

This is a method of farming where forest land is cleared by slashing and burning the vegetation. The cleared land is then used to grow crops, usually rice, for a few years until the soil becomes infertile. Then, the farmers move to another patch of land and repeat the process.

This way, the land is shifted from one place to another, hence the name shifting cultivation. It is also known as jhum cultivation in some regions of India.

This practice causes soil erosion and loss of biodiversity, as the forest is destroyed and not allowed to regenerate.

It is mainly practised in the northeastern states of India, the Chhotanagpur plateau of Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, and some hilly areas.

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